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Carolina Panthers Film Analysis: Pattern Matching with Luke Kuechly

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A quick analysis of Luke Kuechly’s incredible football IQ. This is why he’s the best linebacker in football.

During last week’s win over the Miami Dolphins, Panthers middle linebacker Luke Kuechly made one of the most impressive plays I’ve seen from a defender all year long. The Dolphins were facing a first and ten at their own 20 yard line, following a disappointing two-minute drill from Carolina’s offense that ended with a punt. The Dolphins were trailing 10-7 and had 47 seconds left along with all three timeouts, and were going to try and drive down the field to tie the game or take the lead heading into halftime.

Of course, Kuechly wasn’t going to let that happen.

Kuechly made an incredible momentum-changing interception where he displayed his elite football IQ and athleticism. Let’s break it down:

The Dolphins come out in 11 personnel (1 RB, 1 TE, 3 WR) and spread the field out. The Panthers counter with their 4-2-5 nickel defense with Captain Munnerlyn in the slot. The Dolphins call the “Flood” concept (also called “Sail”) to the strong side of the formation. I’ve written about this concept before and why it’s so effective. The pass progression for the quarterback is to first peek at the clear-out route, then the out route, and finally the flat route. The backside route combination featuring a corner route and a pivot route is not a part of Cutler’s progression. This passing concept is especially useful on drives towards the end of the half or the end of the game, since the go route is a home-run play, and the next two reads attack the sidelines so receivers can quickly get out of bounds to stop the clock.

Courtesy of CougCenter, SB Nation’s WSU Cougars blog

The Panthers call Cover 4 (also called Quarters), which is one of their most popular coverage shells. Cover 4 is a four-deep zone scheme, but the Panthers also implement “pattern matching” on this play.

What is pattern matching? Well, normally in zone coverage, players will backpedal to their zones and wait for a receiver to enter. This is also called “spot dropping”. The problem with spot dropping is every zone has weak spots, and many route concepts are designed to overwhelm a zone with multiple receivers attacking one zone defender. The flood concept is one of the most popular zone coverage beaters because it sends three receivers towards one side of the field, where there are likely only two defenders in zone coverage. In theory, one receiver will eventually get open.

Pattern matching takes away the advantages of route concepts like the Flood concept because zone defenders “man up” on receivers who enter their zone, and carry them to the next zone. It’s basically just a mix of zone and man coverage. Pattern matching can be difficult to consistently execute at a high level, but if a defense has the right personnel with athletic and intelligent defenders, it can be an excellent way to shut down opposing pass offenses.

Situational awareness is really important here. Pre-snap, Kuechly knows the Dolphins will likely attack the sidelines given how little time is left on the clock, and he knows the Flood concept is very popular inside two minutes.

Immediately post-snap, Kuechly confirms this when he sees the tight end’s vertical release, along with the running back running to the flat. The defense is likely going to try to hi-lo Thomas Davis, the flat defender. Either Davis will gain depth in his drop and take away the tight end’s out route which will result in the flat being open, or he’ll overplay the flat which will result in the out route being open.

Kuechly pattern matches Julius Thomas’ route, and does a great job not letting Thomas get open. The Panthers also double team the clear-out route.

Since the weak-side routes are not a part of Cutler’s progression, his correct read would have been to hit the running back in the flat for a minimal gain, or to just throw the ball away.

Cutler holds onto the ball and decides to force it into a very narrow window to Thomas on the out route. Thomas is able to gain a yard of separation out of his break, but Kuechly uses his impressive athleticism to gain ground, quickly turn around, and intercept Cutler’s pass.

The Panthers would go on to score a touchdown before the half ended, and then score another touchdown on the opening drive of the second half to take a commanding 24-7 lead. The Dolphins never recovered, and the Panthers ended up winning the game 45-21.

There aren’t many linebackers in the league who can make this kind of play. Luke Kuechly’s instincts and play recognition are second to none at the linebacker spot, and he also has the elite athleticism to keep up with any tight end or running back in man coverage. Kuechly is the perfect middle linebacker for today’s pass-heavy NFL, and the Panthers are very fortunate to have a player of his caliber.

For more X’s and O’s, come visit CSR’s Film Room, where we have breakdowns and analysis pieces every week

All GIFs and images courtesy of NFL.com